Collectanea Botanica, Vol 37 (2018)

¿Son compatibles la conservación de plantas y las guerras? El papel de las áreas en disputa, las áreas militares y las reliquias militares como reservas naturales


https://doi.org/10.3989/collectbot.2018.v37.009

S. Massó
BioC-GReB, Botanic Institute of Barcelona (IBB, CSIC-ICUB) - BioC-GReB, Laboratori de Botànica, Facultat de Farmàcia i Ciències de l’Alimentació, Universitat de Barcelona, España
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3786-4331

C. Blanché
BioC-GReB, Laboratori de Botànica, Facultat de Farmàcia i Ciències de l’Alimentació, Universitat de Barcelona - Societat d’Història Natural de les Illes Balears (SHNB), España
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8112-4635

L. Sáez
Unitat de Botànica, Facultat de Biociències, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona - Societat d’Història Natural de les Illes Balears (SHNB), España
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4551-2432

J. López Pujol
BioC-GReB, Botanic Institute of Barcelona (IBB, CSIC-ICUB), España
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2091-6222

Resumen


Las guerras y las actividades militares en general tienen un gran impacto en los humanos y en la biodiversidad, que se resume aquí brevemente. Algunos efectos adversos, aunque no éticamente aceptables en principio, producen sin embargo algunas oportunidades que, en última instancia, dieron lugar a acciones beneficiosas para la conservación de las plantas. Una breve revisión de diferentes casos de estudio alrededor del mundo y en diferentes períodos históricos muestran cómo las zonas y actividades militares pueden actuar de reservas naturales si se toman las decisiones administrativas apropiadas (con base científica) en un marco más amplio de conservación coordinada con otras áreas de la intervención humana en la biosfera.

Palabras clave


conservación; diversidad vegetal; guerra; militar; reservas naturales

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Referencias


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