Biodiversidad, montañas y cambio climático


  • V. Rull Palynology & Paleoecology Lab, Institut Botànic de Barcelona (IBB-CSIC-ICUB)


Palabras clave:

cambios climáticos, diversificación, especiación, Neógeno, Neotrópico, orogénesis, Pleistoceno


En este artículo se discute el origen y mantenimiento de la biodiversidad en las montañas tropicales, con énfasis en el Neotrópico, y se concluye que los patrones de biodiversidad de las biotas de gran altura no pueden ser explicados sin la acción combinada de la tectónica neógena y los cambios climáticos del Pleistoceno.


Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.


Arita, H. T. & Vásquez-Domínguez, E. 2008. The tropics, cradle, museum or casino? A dynamic null model for latitudinal gradients of species diversity. Ecology Letters 11: 653–663. PMid:18445032

Erwin, D. H. 2009. Climate as a driver of evolutionary change. Current Biology 19: R575–R583. PMid:19640496

Graham, C. H., Carnaval, A. C., Cadena, C. D. et al. 2014. The origin and maintenance of montane diversity: integrating evolutionary and ecological processes. Ecography 37: 1–9.

Hoorn, C., Mosbrugger, V., Mulch, A. & Antonelli, A. 2013. Biodiversity from mountain building. Nature Geoscience 6: 154.

Hoorn, C., Wesselingh, F. P., ter Steege, H. et al. 2010. Amazonia through time: Andean uplift, climate change, landscape evolution, and biodiversity. Science 330: 927–931. PMid:21071659

Hughes, C. & Eastwood, R. 2006. Island radiation on a continental scale: Exceptional rates of plant diversification after uplift of the Andes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103: 10334–10339. PMid:16801546 PMCid:PMC1502458

Hutchinson, G. E. 1965. The ecological theater and the evolutionary play. Yale University Press, New Haven.

Madri-án, S., Cortés, A. J. & Richardson, J. S. 2013. Páramo is the world's faster evolving and coolest biodiversity hotspot. Frontiers in Genetics 4: 192.

Mittelbach, G. G., Schemske, D. W., Cornell, H. V. et al. 2007. Evolution and the latitudinal diversity gradient, speciation, extinction and biogeography. Ecology Letters 4: 315–331. PMid:17355570

Moritz, C., Patton, J. L., Schneider, C. J. & Smith, T. B. 2000. Diversification of rainforest faunas: an integrated molecular approach. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 31: 533–563.

Nogué, S., Rull, V. & Vegas-Vilarrúbia, T. 2009. Modeling biodiversity loss by global warming on Pantepui, northern South America: projected upward migration and potential habitat loss. Climatic Change 94: 77–85.

Noonan, B. P. & Gaucher, P. 2005. Phylogeography and demography of Guayanan harlequin toads (Atelopus): diversification within a refuge. Molecular Ecology 14: 3017–3031. PMid:16101771

Nu.rk, N. M., Scheriau, C. & Madri-án, S. 2013. Explosive radiation in high Andean Hypericum—rates of diversification among New World lineages. Frontiers in Genetics 4: 175.

Rull, V. 1998. Biogeographical and evolutionary considerations on Mauritia (Arecaceae), based on palynological evidence. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 100: 109–122.

Rull, V. 2005. Biotic diversification in the Guayana Highlands: a proposal. Journal of Biogeography 32: 921–927.

Rull, V. 2008. Speciation timing and neotropical biodiversity: the Tertiary-Quaternary debate in the light of molecular phylogenetic evidence. Molecular Ecology 17: 2722–2729. PMid:18494610

Rull, V. 2011. Neotropical biodiversity: timing and potential drivers. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 26: 508–513. PMid:21703715

Rull, V. & Vegas-Vilarrúbia, T. 2008. Biopiracy rules hinder conservation efforts. Nature 453: 26. PMid:18451832

Simpson, B. 1971. Pleistocene changes in the fauna and flora of South America. Science 173: 771–780. PMid:17812182

Turchetto-Zollet, A. C., Pinheiro, F., Salgueiro, F. & Palma-Silva, C. 2013. Phylogeographical patterns shed light on evolutionary process in South America. Molecular Ecology 22: 1193–1213. PMid:23279129

Van der Hammen, T. & Cleef, A. M. 1986. Development of the high Andean páramo flora and vegetation. In: Vuilleumier, F. & Monasterio, M. (Eds.), High Altitude Tropical Biogeography. Oxford University Press, New York, USA: 153–201.

Vargas, O. M., & Madri-án, S. 2012. Preliminary phylogeny of Diplostephium (Asteraceae): speciation rate and character evolution. Lundlellia 15: 1–15.

Willis, K. J. & Bhagwat, S. 2009. Biodiversity and climate change. Science 326: 806–807. PMid:19892969



Cómo citar

Rull, V. (2014). Biodiversidad, montañas y cambio climático. Collectanea Botanica, 33, e006.




Artículos más leídos del mismo autor/a

1 2 > >>