Encuesta etnofarmacológica sobre plantas utilizadas en enfermedades de la piel en herboristerías de Jahrom, Irán




Palabras clave:

acné, Asteraceae, enfermedades de la piel, medicina tradicional a base de plantas


Entre las enfermedades más comunes que afectan a la vida de las personas se encuentran los trastornos de la piel, para los que se han sugerido diversos enfoques terapéuticos. Los remedios tradicionales a base de plantas pueden contarse entre las mejores terapias para estas enfermedades. Las herboristerías, o “attaris” (en persa), juegan un papel importante en la terapia tradicional de cada región. En este estudio se inventariaron las plantas medicinales comúnmente recetadas y comercializadas en las herboristerías de Jahrom, Irán, para curar enfermedades de la piel. Los datos etnomedicinales se recolectaron mediante el método de bola de nieve para 38 especies de plantas pertenecientes a 34 familias. Se utilizó un cuestionario semiestructurado para recolectar información de las herboristerías. Las Asteraceae, con cinco especies, fueron la familia botánica más citada, y los frutos, semillas y hojas de las plantas fueron las partes más utilizadas. La mascarilla a base de plantas (36%) fue la forma más común de preparación. Las plantas medicinales prescritas por los curanderos se utilizan a menudo para el tratamiento del acné (36%), así como para fortalecer, aclarar y dar frescura a la piel (26%). Estas especies pueden ser candidatas para el desarrollo de nuevos productos a base de plantas para el cuidado de la piel. Los resultados de esta investigación revelaron que los curanderos de Jahrom tienen un elevado conocimiento de los tratamientos tradicionales para las enfermedades de la piel.


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Khajoei Nasab, F. ., Zare, M. ., Mehrabian, A. ., & Ghotbi-Ravandi, A. A. . (2022). Encuesta etnofarmacológica sobre plantas utilizadas en enfermedades de la piel en herboristerías de Jahrom, Irán. Collectanea Botanica, 41, e001. https://doi.org/10.3989/collectbot.2022.v41.001