Collectanea Botanica, Vol 34 (2015)

Número especial sobre Ecología, evolución y conservación en las plantas de China: introducción y algunas consideraciones


https://doi.org/10.3989/collectbot.2015.v34.001

J. Q. Liu
Key Laboratory for Bio-resources and Eco-environment, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, China

M. X. Ren
College of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Hainan University, China

A. Susanna
Botanic Institute of Barcelona (IBB-CSIC-ICUB), España

J. López-Pujol
Botanic Institute of Barcelona (IBB-CSIC-ICUB), España

Resumen


China tiene una de las floras más ricas del mundo con alrededor 33.000 plantas vasculares, de las cuales hasta 17.000 son endémicas. Además de estas cifras asombrosas, la flora china es muy interesante desde el punto de vista de la evolución, ya que muestra un fuerte carácter relictual con algunos auténticos «fósiles vivientes» como Ginkgo biloba o Metasequoia glyptostroboides. Al mismo tiempo, China probablemente alberga el «frente evolutivo» más importante de las floras templadas del mundo, las montañas Hengduan. Por desgracia, la flora de China también destaca por el elevado número de especies amenazadas (casi 4000), sobre todo debido a la destrucción de los hábitats y la sobreexplotación de los recursos naturales. Este número especial, que corresponde al volumen 34 de Collectanea Botanica, tiene como objetivo contribuir al conocimiento de la flora de China a través de una serie de contribuciones (siete artículos y una nota breve) que abarcan varios temas como la biogeografía, la conservación, la demografía, la ecología, la evolución y las interacciones planta-animal.

Palabras clave


China; endemismo; especies amenazadas; hotspots; riqueza

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