Collectanea Botanica, Vol 36 (2017)

Bajos niveles de variación isoenzimática en las poblaciones sureñas del arbusto endémico de Corea Sophora koreensis (Fabaceae): implicaciones para su conservación

M. Y. Chung, M. G. Chung

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3989/collectbot.2017.v36.006

Resumen


Se investigó la variación isoenzimática del arbusto raro Sophora koreensis en el condado de Yanggu (Corea del Sur), en el extremo sur de su área de distribución. Para obtener información sobre los procesos ecológicos a nivel del paisaje, se estudiaron dos o tres poblaciones para cada una de las cuatro localidades (en total, 10 poblaciones) en un radio de unos 6 km. Se encontraron bajos niveles de variación genética intra-poblacional (%P = 13,6, A = 1,14 y He = 0,026) y un grado moderado de diferenciación genética entre poblaciones (FST = 0,203). El análisis de la varianza molecular (AMOVA) reveló un porcentaje sustancialmente mayor de variación entre poblaciones dentro cada una de las localidades (17%) que entre localidades (5%). No hubo una relación significativa entre la divergencia genética y el logaritmo de la distancia geográfica entre pares de poblaciones (r = 0,032, P = 0,842). Estos resultados sugieren un flujo genético limitado entre poblaciones dentro de las localidades, además de indicar que la mejor estrategia para la preservación de la diversidad genética de S. koreensis es la conservación del máximo número de poblaciones posible.

Palabras clave


conservación; Corea; diversidad genética; isoenzimas; Sophora koreensis

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