Collectanea Botanica, Vol 38 (2019)

Estudio etnobotánico de áreas del noroeste de la provincia de Isfahan, Iran


https://doi.org/10.3989/collectbot.2019.v38.008

M. Keshavarzi
Plant Science Department, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Alzahra University, Irán, República Islámica de
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3032-9408

S. Mosaferi
Plant Science Department, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Alzahra University, Irán, República Islámica de
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0501-6637

Resumen


Irán es un país que ha utilizado de manera destacada las plantas medicinales desde la antigüedad. En este estudio, documentamos los datos etnobotánicos de los condados de Golpayegan, Shahin Shahr y Meymeh (provincia de Isfahán) por primera vez en Irán. El estudio de campo y la recolección de plantas se realizaron en diferentes temporadas en 2016 y 2017. Los datos etnobotánicos se analizaron utilizando información proveniente de cuestionarios realizados a 27 informantes. En total, se registraron 48 plantas de 24 familias de las áreas estudiadas. Las familias Asteraceae (36%) y Lamiaceae (23%) son las que contienen un mayor número de plantas citadas. Las hojas (45,83%) y las semillas (18,75%) son las partes de planta más utilizadas. Este estudio indica la importancia de las plantas útiles de las áreas estudiadas y la necesidad de realizar este tipo de investigación en otras partes del país con el fin de preservar esta valiosa información de los habitantes locales.

Palabras clave


etnobotánica; Irán; provincia de Isfahán

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